Macam-macam teks dalam bahasa inggris paling lengkap

A. Narrative Text
Narrative is a text focusing specific participants which tells an interesting story. Its social function is to tell stories or past events and entertain or amuse the readers.
1. Narrative text
a. Social function
To amuse, entertain and to deal with actual or various experience in different ways
b. Generic structure :
– Orientation
– Complication
– Resulotion
c. Lexicogramatical featus
– Focus on specific and usually individualized participants.
– Use of material processes ( and in text behavior and verbal processes ).
– Use of retational processes and mental processes.
– Use of temporal conjuctions and temporal circumstances

2. Recount text
a. Social function
Is to retell past even or something which happened in the past
b. Generic structur :
– Orientation
– Events
– Re orientation
c. Lexicogramatical featus
– Introducing personal participant : I, my group, etc
– Using chronological connection : then, first, etc
– Using simple past tense

3. Spoof text
a. Social function
Is to entertain and share the story
b. Generic structure :
– Orientation
– Event
– Twist
c. Lexicogramatical featus
– Focusing on people, animals or certain things
– Using adverb of time and place
example : Penguin in the Park
Once a man was walking in the park when a penguin crossed.
He took him to a policeman and said, “I have just found this penguin. What should I do?” The police replied, “Take him to the zoo”.
The next day the policeman saw same man in the same park and the man was still carrying the penguin with him. The policeman was rather surprised and walked up to the man and asked, “Why are you still carrying the penguin about? Didn’t you take it to the zoo?”. “I certainly did,” replied the man.
“And it was a great idea because he really enjoyed it, so today I’m taking him to the movies.”

4. Anecdot text
a. Social functiom
Its purpose is to entertain the readers
b. Generic structure :
– Abstract
– Orientation
– Crisis
– Incident
c. Lexicogramatical featus :
– Using exclamation word : it’s awful !, it’s wonderful !, etc
– Using imperative : listen to this

B. Descriptive text

1. Descriptive text
a. Social function :
To describe a particular person, place or thing and here is an
b. Generic structure :
– Identification
– Description
c. Lexicogramatical featus
Focus on specific participants, use simple present tense

2. Report text
a. Social function :
To retell events for the purpose informing or entertaining
b. Generic structure :
– Orientation
– Event
– Reorientation
c. Lexicogramatical featus :
– Focus on specific participant
– Use material processes
– Circumstance on time and place use past tense
– Focus on temporal sequence

3. Explanation text
a. Social function
To explain the processes involved in the formation or working of natural or sociocultural phenomena
b. Generic structure :
– General statement
– Sequence explanation
c. Lexicogramatical featus :
– Focus on generic, non humam participant
– Use mainly of material processes and relation processes

4. Procedur text
a. Social function
To describe something which is accomplished throught a sequence of action or steps
b. Generic structure :
– Goal
– Material
– Step
c. Lexicogramatical featus :
– The use of imperatives and actions verb
– The use of connectives
– The use of adverbial phras

C. Persuasive

1. Analitycal exposition
a. Social function :
To persuade the reader or listenes that something is the case or important
b. Generic structure :
– Thesis
– Arguments
– Reiteration
c. Lexicogramatical featus
Using mental processes to state what the writer or speaker thinks or fels about something
In Australia there are three levels of government, federal governments, state governments, and local governments. All of these levels of government are necessary. This is so for a number of reasons.
First, the federal government is necessary for the big things.
They keep the economy in order and look after things like defence.
Similarly, the state governments look after the middle sized things.
For example, they look after law and order, preventing things like vandalism in schools.
Finally, local governments look after the small things.
They look after things like collecting rubbish, otherwise everyone would have diseases.
Thus, for the reasons above we can that the three levels of governments are necessary.

2. Hortatory exposition
a. Social function
To persuade thereader or listener that something should or should not be the case.
b. Generic structure
– Thesis
– Argument
– Recommendation
c. Lexicogramatical featus
– Focusing on the writer
– Using abstract noun : policy, advantage, etc
– Using action verb
– Using thingking verb
In all discussion over the removal of lead from petrol (and the atmosphere) there doesn’t seem to have been any mention of the difference between driving in the city and the country.
While I realize my leaded petrol car is pollution the air wherever I drive, I feel that when you travel through the country, where you only see another car every five to ten minutes, the problem as not as severe as when traffic is concentrated on city roads.
Those who wants to penalize order, leaded petrol vehicles and their owners don’t seem to appreciate that, in the country, there is no public transport to fall back upon and one’s own vehicle is the only way to get about.
I feel that country people, who often have to travel huge distances to the nearest town and who already spend a great deal of money on petrol, should be treated differently to the people who live in the city.

3. Discussion
a. Social function
Is to present at least two points of views about an issue or controversial topic
b. Generic structure
– Issue
– Arguments for (pro)
– Arguments against (cons)
c. Lexicogramatical featus
Using thingking verb e.g : feel, hope, believe, etc

D. Argumentatif

1. Review
a. Social function
To critize on art work or event for a public audiaence
b. Generic structure
– Orientation
– Evaluation
– Interpreative recount
– Evaluative summation
c. Lexicogramatical featus
– Focus on specific participants
– Using long and complex clauses
– Using metaphor style
Since the first production of ‘Private Lives’ in 1930, with theatre’s two leading sophisticates Noel Coward and Gertrude Lawrence in the leads, the play was tended to be seen as a vehicles for stars.
QUT Academy of the art’ production boasted no ‘stars’, but certainly fielded potential stars in a sparkling performance that brought out just how fine a piece of craftsmanship Coward’s play is.
More then 60 years later what new could be deduced from so familiar of them?
Director Rod wiss ‘or’s highly perceptive approach went beyond the glittery surface of Witty banter to the darker implication beneath.
With the shifting of attitudes to social values, it became clear that victor and Siby were potentially the more admirable of the couples, with standards better adjusted than the volatile and self indulgent Elyot and Amanda.
The we was there, dexteronsiy pig-ponged to and fro by a vibrant Amanda (Catherine Jones) and a suave Elyot (Daniel Kealy).
Julie Eckersley’s Sibyl was a delightful creation and Philip came on Smith’s more serious playing was just right for Victor. Jodle Levesconte was a superb French maid. James Maclean’s set a captured the Thirties atmosphere with many subtle touches.
All involved deserve the highest prase.

2. News item
a. Social function
To inform readers or listeners about events of the day which are considered newsworthy or important
b. Generic structure
– Newsworthy events
– Background events
– Sources
c. Lexicogramatical featus
– Using action verb
– Using saying verb
– Using adverbs : place, time, manner


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